Kidneys are a part of your ‘plumbing system’. They clean your blood, maintain the water balance and blood pressure, regulate acid level, and are also responsible for the production of a few hormones. Basically, without your kidneys, your body does not function properly!
Therefore, any issue with the kidneys is of grave urgency. And if it is an issue with children’s kidneys who cannot express their discomfort clearly or at all, it all comes down to the parents and the caregivers. This is why, you should be extra vigilant about the health of your child’s kidneys.
So, what are the causes of kidney disease in children? Let’s find out.
Causes of Kidney Disease in Children
- Genetic predisposition: If you have a history of kidney diseases in your family, your child is predisposed to kidney threats. It makes him/her more vulnerable to getting a kidney disease.
- Congenital conditions: Unfortunately, you child can be born with a defective kidney. Such diseases are called developmental diseases as they happen when the child is in the womb. Such issues affect the tissues of the kidney in varying levels. Many congenital conditions are diagnosed right after the birth. But minor defects might show symptoms a few years later.
- Nephrotic Syndrome: Sometimes, the child’s diet contains high protein content. This can hurt the kidneys. If a lot of protein is being flushed out through the kidneys, the condition is called nephrotic syndrome. This can cause serious damage to your child’s kidneys.
- Urine blockage: If there is any issue with the urinary system that blocks the discharge of urine, it might eventually damage the kidneys.
- Systemic problems: Sometimes, the issue with your child’s kidneys are only a part of a bigger problem. This means, there could be something else wrong with your child’s health which is manifesting itself in the form of a kidney disease.
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI): Frequent UTIs can gradually contaminate the kidneys as well and deteriorate their health.
Now you know what might put your child’s kidneys at risk. But how can you know about the health of the little kidneys? Watch out for the following symptoms of kidney disease in children:
Symptoms of Kidney disease in Children
- Inconsistency in urine: Since excretion of urine is directly related to the kidneys, more often than not, you can see symptoms of kidney disease in the urine. Some disturbances might include:
- Pain or burning during passing urine.
- Frequent urination
- Significant decrease in the frequency of urination
- Blood in urine
- Congestive urination or sporadic passage of urine
- Difficulty in controlling urination in older children or frequent bed-wetting
- Change in the colour or appearance of the urine
- Repeated urinary tract infection
Other bodily symptoms of kidney disease:
- Swelling around eyes, feet, ankle, face etc.
- Decrease in appetite
- High blood pressure (which can be seen in the form of headaches)
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Fatigue and weakness
- Difficulty in movement
- Stunted growth
- Difficulty in concentrating
If you see any of these symptoms, you need to contact your doctor immediately. Paediatric kidney diseases can deteriorate very soon causing tremendous pain to your chile. An early diagnosis and treatment will prevent both discomfort and further damage to the kidneys.
About the hospital
Ankura Hospitals is a chain of super-specialty hospitals for women and Children’s Hospital in Hyderabad. Set up in the year 2011 in KPHB, near Hitech Railway Station, the Ankura Hospitals family has today spread its wings to Secunderabad, Khammam and Vijayawada.